# Episode 5: Blaise Pascal's Pensées

In this fifth episode, we delve into another passage from Blaise Pascal's Pensées. This particular segment sheds light on the compromise required to uphold societal harmony, a state considered the highest form of good.

Without doubt, the equality of goods is just; but, unable to make it force to obey justice, we have made it just to obey force; unable to strengthen justice, force was justified, so that the just and the strong might be together, and peace might be, which is the sovereign good.

### Workflow for Creating a Network of Keywords

• Create a new node: Start by generating a new node named "Blaise Pascal - Pensées". This node will hold the text that you plan to analyze.

• Insert the text: Add the selected excerpt into the comment section of the "Blaise Pascal - Pensées" node.

• Run the Dimension Elicitor, set the General Context to "Philosophy", and input "Keywords" as the keyword for the analysis of the node comment.

• Assess the extracted dimensions: Evaluate the keywords or dimensions identified by Hellixia and eliminate any that are redundant or irrelevant.

• Use the Embedding Generator for all remaining nodes. This tool will distill the semantics of the names and comments of each node into a quantifiable form.

• Set "Blaise Pascal - Pensées" as the Target Node.

• Run the Naive Learning algorithm.

• Change the style of all nodes to "Badges". This style will display the comment embedded within each node.

• Switch to Validation Mode.

• Perform an Arc Force analysis.

• While within the Arc Force analysis tool, run the Radial Layout. This will arrange the nodes in a clockwise pattern in relation to their connection strength with the target node.

• Show the Arc Comments, which will provide information about the strength of the relationships between nodes.

### Workflow for creating the Semantic Network

• Start by making a copy of the node named "Blaise Pascal - Pensées".

• Open a new graph and paste the copied "Blaise Pascal - Pensées" node.

• Use the following keywords to guide the Dimension Elicitor in its analysis of the node: Arguments, Contents, Ideas, Matters, Milestones, Motifs, Rules, Themes, Theses, Topics, and the General Context set to "Philosophy".

• Inspect the dimensions suggested by Hellixia. Any dimensions that are irrelevant or redundant should be removed from your analysis.

• Exclude the "Blaise Pascal - Pensées" node.

• Use the Embedding Generator on all remaining nodes.

• Run the Maximum Weight Spanning Tree algorithm to create a semantic network based on the text analysis.

• Change the style of all nodes to "Badges". This will display the comment within each node.

• Run the Dynamic Grid Layout to organize the nodes on your graph. Note that this algorithm's output is not deterministic; it may favor vertical, horizontal, or mixed orientations. Execute this layout multiple times until you find the most suitable arrangement.

• Switch to Validation Mode.

• As the graph you are building does not represent causal relationships, opt for the Skeleton View. This will remove all arc directions, leaving only the node connections without any specified direction.

### Workflow for Node Force Analysis

• Switch back to Modeling Mode.

• Change all node styles to Discs.

• Use the Symmetric Layout to organize your nodes in the graph.

• Go to Validation Mode.

• Conduct a Node Force analysis to evaluate the strength of associations in your graph.

### Workflow for Creating the Hierarchical Semantic Network

• Execute Variable Clustering: This operation will categorize analogous variables based on their semantic relationships.

• Open the Class Editor.

• Run Class Description Generator: Use this function to generate descriptive names for your identified factors. This helps to make the output more understandable and interpretable.

• Save these descriptions by using the Export Descriptions function.

• Switch back to Modeling Mode.

• Run Multiple Clustering.

• Run the Taboo algorithm: Use this structural learning algorithm to learn a hierarchical network. Make sure to enable the "Delete Unfixed Arcs" option to remove unnecessary connections and streamline your model.

• Use the descriptions you exported earlier as a dictionary to rename the latent variables you've just created. This helps in making your model more understandable and keeps the nodes' names consistent with their semantic meaning.

• Switch to Validation Mode.

• Apply Node Force.

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